Facility: SECTION 14 / ENVIRONMENT AND SAFETY (M-Q)

M. Toilet facilities. Washing and toilet facilities with both hot and cold running water and soap must be provided.

  1. One toilet and wash basin is required for every twenty (20) Children, must be readily accessible to Children, and allow for the ongoing supervision of Children.
  2. Child Care Facilities must have one hand-washing sink in each diaper-changing area, located where supervision of all Children in the group can be maintained.
  3. A step, low platform, or other means must be placed next to toilets and wash basins, for Children who need help reaching and using them.
  4. Water temperature must not exceed 120° Fahrenheit in taps available for use by Children.
  5. Either disposable paper products, or clean, individually assigned wash cloths and towels may be used. Individually assigned washcloths and towels must be laundered daily.

N. Diapering/Toileting

  1. Children must be checked at a minimum of every two (2) hours for wet or soiled diapers and clothing, and must be changed as soon as possible
  2. Wet or soiled disposable diapers must be placed in a lined, lidded, container, separate from other trash or garbage and separate from play or food-preparation areas, or individually bagged and tied within a lidded shared garbage container.
  3. Diapering must be done on a changing table or washable vinyl mat which is cleaned after each use or which has a disposable single-use covering.
  4. The changing table or mat must not be located in the kitchen or food preparation area.
  5. Child Care Staff Members must wash their hands and the Child’s hands with soap and running water after each diaper change.
  6. For Children using cloth diapers, the diaper must have a clean, absorbent inner lining completely contained within an outer covering made of waterproof material that prevents the escape of feces and urine.
    a. Both the diaper and the outer covering must be changed as a unit.
    b. Cloth diapers and clothing that are soiled by urine or feces must be immediately placed in a clean sealable bag or container (without rinsing, shaking, or dumping) and sent home that day for laundering.
    c. This sealable bag or container must be stored out of reach of Children.
  7. The facility must collaborate with families to determine the best toileting practice based on the needs of each Child.
  8. Potty chair receptacles must be emptied immediately after each use, rinsed, and sanitized in a sink not used for food preparation.
  9. Potty chair receptacles may not be used in a food preparation area.

O. Pets.

  1. Pets must not present a danger to Children.
  2. The premises must be free of pet or other animal waste and the interior of the facility must be free of pet waste odors.
  3. Pet waste boxes must not be kept in food preparation or food service areas and must be covered so that Children cannot come into contact with pet waste.
  4. All pets must be vaccinated against rabies and a record of each pet’s vaccination must be retained as provided in Section 5 of this rule.

P. Fire evacuation drills

  1. Fire evacuation drills must be conducted at least once a month for all Children and adults present using at least two (2) means of exit. A record of all fire evacuation drills must be maintained as provided for in section 5 of this Rule.
  2. Fire drills must be conducted according to policies and procedures that are posted in each room utilized by Children.
  3. Pull alarms or smoke detectors must be used, when possible, to execute the fire drills.

Q. Emergency preparedness plan. Child Care Facilities must have a written emergency preparedness plan in the event of a fire, natural disaster, or other threatening situation that may pose a health or safety hazard to the Children in the Child Care Facility. Child Care Staff Members must review the emergency preparedness plan annually and update as needed. Child Care Facilities must retain the updated copy of the plan for evacuation and provide details of the emergency relocation procedures to each Parent or Legal Guardian of the Child at the time of the Child’s enrollment with the Child Care Facility and whenever the plan is updated

  1. The plan must provide for the following:
    a. Evacuation, including a designated relocation site and evacuation route;
    b. Lockdown of the facility or shelter-in-place;
    c. Procedures for notifying Parents/Legal guardians;
    d. Procedures to address the needs of individual Children including Children with special needs;
    e. Coordination with local emergency management officials; and
    f. Guidelines for the continuation of Child care services in the period following the emergency or disaster.
  2. The Child Care Facility must conduct an evacuation drill at least twice a year and the dates must be recorded and be available for review. A simulated drill is acceptable.
  3. All Child Care Staff Members must be trained in and familiar with the emergency preparedness plan.